The Greatest Guide To Military Bases

Military: Development of. Supplying a secure website from which to operate, military bases may be temporary wartime installations or long-term facilities. Strategic planning drives their requirement, but their location is often determined by other concerns, particularly in peacetime.

With the creation of a permanent U.S. Army after the Revolutionary War, the main bases for the standing army and its supplies were created at West Point, New York, and at Fort Pitt (later Fort Fayette), at what is now Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, an indicator of the regular army's missions of coastal and frontier defense. Bases served as military headquarters, barracks, training fields, and storage depots.

When the U.S. Navy was established in 1794, long-lasting navy yards were soon created in Boston, Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Washington, and Norfolk, for the building, repair, and berthing of ships and their preparation for sea duty. Aware of the political and economic gains of these bases, Congress made sure the navy yards were dispersed among New England, the Mid-Atlantic, as well as the South.

When not serving afloat, members of the U.S. Marine Corps, created in 1798, safeguarded navy yards, drilled, and preserved discipline. In 1800, the Marine Corps commandant was relocated from Philadelphia to Washington, D.C. Consequently, Marine barracks were established there and at the other navy yards.

Acquisition of the Mexican territories, as well as Florida, Texas, Oregon led to the construction of new military places, naval bases, and Marine barracks on the West and Gulf Coasts. Among these new bases were navy yards created at Pensacola, Florida, in 1825, and Mare Island, San Francisco Bay, in 1853 (the Marine barracks founded on Mare Island in 1862 is the earliest long-term Marine Corps facility on the West Coast).

In the Plains Indians Wars, infantry and mounted troops were quartered in adobe and wooden forts dotting the West and Southwest. One of the most well-known were Fort Bliss, Texas (established 1849); Fort Bridger, Wyoming (1857); Fort Riley, Kansas (1852); Fort Laramie, Wyoming (1849); Fort Sam Houston, Texas (1876); and Fort Sill, Oklahoma (1869). After the Indians had been captured, however, the economical benefit to rural congressional districts of scores of small posts prevented the military from abandoning them until just before World War I.

America's outward thrust and acquisition of an island empire following the Spanish-American War resulted in the establishment of the initial permanent U.S. military bases overseas. Congress was reluctant to invest outside its constituencies, and also the military and navy often disagreed over the very best place (for instance, in the Philippines), so the important growth of naval bases took place within the continental United States. By 1916, the navy had ten major continental bases (with particularly critical facilities at Newport, Rhode Island, and Norfolk, Virginia), including two new navy yards, created mainly through congressional sway, at Charleston, South Carolina, and Bremerton, Washington. After 1920, the principal section of the fleet was transferred to the Pacific from the Atlantic; consequently, the navy bases at San Diego, Los military bases in baton rouge la my site Angeles, and Pearl Harbor grew in value.

World War I and the creation of massive wartime armies caused the proliferation of military training camps. Congressional influence and climate meant a bulk of training cantonments were erected in the South, although many Americans lived in the North of the nation. One of the most important training facilities of 1917–18 were Fort Benning, Georgia (1918), which later became the country's greatest infantry training centre and home of the military's Infantry School; Fort Bragg, North Carolina (1918), later the army's chief airborne training center and site of the Special Warfare School; Fort Dix, New Jersey (1917), after, in the Second World War, to become the biggest military training facility in the United States; Fort George G. Meade, Maryland (1917); and Fort Knox, Kentucky (1917), which later also served as the U.S. gold depository. The Marines established a basic training military bases in bahamas check this link right here now camp at Parris Island, South Carolina (1917), and an officers' training camp at Quantico, Virginia (1917).

New training facilities were created for that, although many of these bases were reactivated and modernized in World War II or stayed in operation. One of the newest facilities, the biggest were the military's Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri (1940), and Fort Hood, Texas (1942); and the Marines' training centre at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina (1942), later the largest Marine base in the eastern United States.

The Army Air Service had created Langley Field, Virginia, in 1916; as headquarters of the Air Combat Command, it remains the oldest continuously active air force base in America, now. Other early air bases (initially called fields) for the Army Air Corps, 1926–41, contained Wright-Patterson Field, Ohio (1917); Bolling Field, Washington, D.C. (1918); and Maxwell Field, Alabama (1918). Maxwell housed the Air University, a significant flight training facility in World War II and the Air Corps Tactical School after the war. In the 1930s, Wheeler and Hickam Fields, Clark Field, and Hawaii, in the Philippines, were created.

The Army Air Forces, 1941–47, created several air bases in the USA, including Andrews Army Air Base, Maryland (1942); Dover Army Air Base, Delaware (1941); and Muroc Army Base, California (1942), a combat training and experimental evaluation site renamed Edwards Air Force Base in 1949.

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